Community Ecological and Economic Social Accounting Matrix Development

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World Wide Fund for Nature

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Quezon City, Philippines

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11 days ago


Tropical tuna harvested in the Western Central Pacific Ocean accounts for 60% of global tuna trade. One of the most valuable tuna is yellowfin tuna that supports livelihood, employment and generates considerable GDP share for coastal nations through export sales (Indonesia, Philippines and Pacific Island states), and vessel day sales (Pacific islands). Small scale fishers account for about 40% of yellowfin tuna catches in the Philippines, (STP Assessment Report 2020, Tambuyog), Malaysia and Indonesia. Collapse of this fishery will have far-reaching implications to the livelihood of small-scale fishers, as well as employment in the commercial seafood industry in the region. WWF has been working with small-scale fishers for a more sustainable harvest of yellowfin tuna in the Western Central Pacific region.

The FAO, together with WorldFish Center and the World Bank’s Global Program on Sustainable Fisheries (PROFISH) published Hidden Harvests, a report on the contributions of capture fisheries to human well-being. The report focused on small-scale fisheries in developing countries representing the majority (90%) of employment in fisheries. Hitherto, much of the analysis of fisheries relates to industrial scale and contributions to national GDPs, leaving a gap in understanding the actual productivity of the sector to local communities in terms of food security, contributions to local economies and governance at coastal community levels. The study concluded that “National and regional fisheries policy and planning need to be informed by an accurate characterization of the economic performance of fisheries, and their social contribution, and their sustainability.”[1]

Given the scope of work below, and technical expertise necessary to conduct a Community Ecological and Economic Social Accounting Matrix (CEESAM), WWF seeks to employ the services of a consultant/ consultancy firm.


General Objectives:

The yellowfin tuna fisheries sustainable partnerships program in the Philippines, led by WWF Philippines, will implement a multidisciplinary approach to fisheries to understand the role and contributions of the sector to local community economies and the dynamics of poverty. The initial phase of the YFT sustainable fisheries partnership launched Fisheries Improvement Programs (FIPs) for handline tuna fisheries in the northern Lagonoy Gulf and southwestern Mindoro Strait in the Philippines. The project was initiated in 2011 covering 21 municipalities, 6,000 fishers working towards Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) certification of over 3,000 tuna handline vessels. The fisheries were certified in October 2021.

The FIPs established tuna Fisher’s Associations and two (2) tuna Fishers Federations at provincial level. The success of Lagonoy and Mindoro FIPs are due to local institutional building, training, strengthened awareness and capacities in self-determination of a hitherto underrepresented and marginalized sector (SSF) of which 39% remain poor[2].

These developments can now be leveraged to build the necessary infrastructure in terms of community landing sites, pre-and post-harvest facilities that will increase revenues to the fishers through improved product quality and decreased post-harvest losses. Fresh funds from the Switch Asia window of the EU seeks to ensure that the developmental gains are translated into socio-economic impacts. Strategic investments in value-added services and ancillary livelihoods can enable a multiplier effect from the fisheries sector to help stimulate the local economies. COVID lockdown revealed the need for SSFs to diversify livelihood and supply chains to strengthen resilience against future shocks.

Specific Objectives:

The Switch Asia funded project requires an economic and ecological valuation of the fisheries sector in the WWF Mindoro Gulf FIP covering three (3) municipalities, Mamburao, Sablayan and Rizal, that will serve as a pilot with the following goals:

  • Establish baseline socio-economic and ecological indicators for the local economy to determine small scale fisheries contributions and interlinkages with other sectors, to understand the roots of poverty in the area, specifically the fisheries sector,
  • Conduct an area assessment to identify interventions, given the natural and community assets available to support fisheries and community livelihood. Identify how these interventions will strengthen linkages with the other sectors to initiate a multiplier effect in stimulating the domestic economy in these two municipalities.
  • Evaluate potential to scale and replicate the process at provincial and national levels aligning with national government plans.


World Wide Fund for Nature Philippines (WWF)

While WWF shall hire a consultant/ consultancy firm, it shall remain the overall in-charge of the project and undertake activities that are within its scope and expertise. Specifically, WWF is responsible in carrying out the following:

  • Review and approve the proposed tracking tool and all deliverables, as well as all activities of the contractor;
  • Co-conduct briefing sessions for the consultancy with the chosen firm/ organization;
  • Assign staff to coordinate the requirements of the consultancy; and
  • Partake in the analysis of results, review the results thereof, and provide inputs.

Consultant/ Consultancy Firm

The consultant/ consultancy firm, in providing the technical expertise required in planning and execution, shall have the following functions:

Submit work and financial plan for approval of WWF. This document should contain various elements of the assignment including specific activities, objectives, design, and methodology of field research, implementing staff, budget, duration, and how specific component activities will be managed;

  • Provide capable human resources to develop, and conduct the deliverables specified in item h.
  • Pay the travel, accommodation, meal, and other expenses of the team related to the conduct and regular monitoring of this activity
  • Facilitate coordination with consultancies for local markets portfolio and overall portfolio
  • Coordinate with WWF on the status of preparations and other concerns related to the assignment; and
  • Submit to WWF the following deliverables:
  • Input/output model reflecting the interlinkages with various sectors in the municipalities of Mamburao, Sablayan and Rizal in Occidental Mindoro.
  • Impact on household incomes
  • Ecological footprint indicating carbon generated and stored and biocapacity of the municipalities based on the calculations of the Global Footprint network in terms of global hectares, benchmarked against national footprint.
  • Assessment of community assets in terms of ecosystem resources, skills, supply chain opportunities for livelihood generation, etc. Recommended interventions based on the community assets, local government plans, and budgets.
  • Model scenarios of potential Impacts of recommended interventions on household productivity and impacts on the local economy and household incomes, including quantifying the potential for carbon storage and generation, waste and water efficiency, and implications on biocapacity of the ecosystem.
  • Communications materials to present the results of the valuation to stakeholders – National and Local Governments of Mamburao, Sablayan and Rizal, other municipalities, if necessary, CSOs, internal WWF network, private sector, etc.
  • Together with WWF Philippines and other partners, facilitate a discussion/workshop with stakeholders to initiate feedback and comments, to enable interdisciplinary dialogue, and spur commitments to support the interventions.
  • Conduct an area assessment workshop training together with the Project Team following the Area Management Assessment guidelines of the Ecosystem-based Community-centered Sustainable Organization and Management system (ECSOM) (see annex).
  • In Year 3 of the project, re-evaluate the CEESAM with fresh data to track the performance of the interventions against baselines, to the extent this is realistic, i.e., time frame too short to generate revenues to the communities for instance.


The agreed timeline will be around 6-8 months in 2022 with milestones to be agreed with the consultant. WWF to contract consultant by April 2022. Item 9 timeline towards end of the project in Q2 2024.


  • Letter of Interest addressed to Project Manager, Ms. Melody Melo-Rijk;
  • Technical proposal
  • Proposed process, timeframe, and financial plan (work and financial plan)
  • Sample of potential outputs from the study
  • Company Information Sheet
  • A Curriculum Vitae outlining relevant education, expertise, and experience of the lead person and relevant project handlers
  • BIR Registration
  • Copy of Official Receipt
  • Copy of at least two most recent engagement fees or consultancy fees

[1] Hidden Harvest, World Bank, 2012

[2] CNFIDP Comprehensive National Fisheries Improvement Development Plan 2016-2020

Interested applicants can email the required documents for bid to with the subject line: Community Ecological and Economic Social Accounting Matrix Development.