Conducting Baseline Survey Project "IPM Adoption and Pesticide Use on Coffee, Tea and Pepper Farm...
10 days ago
The Rainforest Alliance is an international non-profit organization working in more than 70 countries at the intersection of business, agriculture and forests. The Rainforest Alliance is creating a more sustainable world by using social and market forces to protect nature and improve the lives of farmers and forest communities. By bringing farmers, forest communities, companies, and consumers together it addresses some of the most pressing social and environmental challenges of today.
To advance the transition towards sustainable and regenerative agriculture, it is crucial to increase the adoption of more environmentally friendly agricultural practices. For the Rainforest Alliance, Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is a vital component of a regenerative agricultural sector, and part of a climate-smart and a holistic approach to ecosystem management. Our IPM strategy aims to help farms develop robust plans to control pests by balancing the functions of the agroecosystem, improving ecosystem resilience, and by doing so, reducing dependence on pesticides. The overall objective of IPM is to reduce pesticide use and safe, responsible, and efficient use of agrochemicals through increased adoption of IPM.
In Vietnam, IPM is one of the most important farming practices in coffee, tea and pepper plantation. In other words, IPM practices not only help farmers obtain sustainable farming but also to produce safe-friendly products to meet market requirements.
In order to support coffee, tea and pepper farmers in Vietnam to adopt IPM practices, the Rainforest Alliance is partnering with the Global Alliance on Health and Pollution (GAHP), as a subgrantee, to conduct a three-year project, on pesticide use and alternatives in Vietnam. The project is funded by the UK Department of Farming and Rural Affairs (DEFRA), under the funding from the UK’s International Climate Finance (ICF) program, which supports developing countries to respond to the challenges of climate change.
The main objectives of this project are to provide a valuable opportunity to investigate and address the main barriers to IPM that result in pesticide misuse/overuse among smallholders and larger industrial farms in Vietnam. In specific, the project will:
1. Build a knowledge base on the current state of IPM adoption and pesticide use practices in Vietnam and their impact on environmental and human health;
2. Identify viable alternatives to pesticide use, especially the use of HHPs, and assess barriers to their uptake;
3. Develop contextualized training materials and programs and investigate the impact of training on best practice implementation; and
4. Feed these learnings back into policymaking to create a policy environment that supports IPM adoption.
Rainforest Alliance is seeking a consultant to conduct a baseline and follow-up surveys on IPM practices in coffee, tea and pepper farms in Vietnam. The surveys will provide data on current IPM practices on both Rainforest Alliance certified and non-certified farms. In addition, survey data will be analysed to identify the gaps between current IPM practices by RA farmers and non-RA farmers and compare this to the IPM implementation required by RA certification. This evidence is fundamental to improving the training program, learning and sharing best practices, and identifying farms for demonstration purposes.
During this mission, the consultant is expected to:
1. Conduct a survey of total 150 farms in coffee, tea and pepper in Vietnam (50 coffee farms, 50 tea farms and 50 pepper farms).
2. Input survey data of 150 farms to data sheet (the data sheet form will be provided by RA).
Sample size and their location
Total 150 farms will be surveyed, they are equally divided in 6 growing areas of six companies:
1. Louis Dreyfus Company: 25 coffee farms in Lam Dong (13 RA certified farms and 12 Non-RA farms),
2. Dakman Vietnam company: 25 coffee farms in Dak Lak (13 RA certified farms and 12 Non-RA farms),
3. Phu Da company: 25 tea farms in Phu Tho (13 RA certified farms and 12 NonRA farms),
4. My Lam company: 25 tea farms in Tuyen Quang (13 RA certified farms and 12 Non-RA farms),
5. NedSpice Vietnam: 25 pepper farms in Binh Phuoc (13 RA certified farms and 12 Non-RA farms),
6. Binh Minh cooperative: 25 pepper farms in Dak Nong (13 RA certified farms and 12 Non-RA farms).
In total, there are 78 Certified farms and 72 Non-Certified farms
Survey farms will be randomly selected and must be followed following requirements:
1. Samples must equally represent the growing area, in other words they are evenly distributed across the entire growing area, rather than concentrated in a specific area.
2. The farms must represent three levels of healthy Less healthy farms: around 20% lower than average yield, poor growth Medium healthy farms: average yield, medium growth. Very healthy farms: around 20% higher than average yield, good growth. Note: The healthy levels can be classified by above criteria, combined with observation and experiences by technical experts.
3. Geographical data (GPS points) of surveyed farms must be recorded
4. The consultant is encouraged to consult company agronomist team during farm selection.
The first survey will be conducted in January 2023, the second and the third survey (same farms as the first survey) will be conducted in December 2023 and December 2024, respectively.
In the event that the same farms are not available for future surveys, replacement farms (in second year) will be chosen based on previous farm characteristics (same variety, same yield, same year of planting, same growth and similar farming practices). On the other hand, if this scenario happens in the third year. There will be NO replacement farms. Data from these farms will be excluded.
In addition, in order to minimise the risks of the same farms are not available/not willing to participate in the follow-up surveys, only loyal farmers will be chosen for the survey.
There are three (3) different questionnaires for coffee, tea and pepper. The questionnaires will be provided by RA. The consultant IS NOT required to prepare the questionnaires. At the beginning of each survey, Rainforest Alliance will provide survey training and sampling guidance to the technical team. In addition, the consultant will be given the contact details of six companies and Rainforest Alliance will connect the consultant with these companies.
The consultant is required to provide the following deliverables:
The consultants will begin in January 2023 and be available at least until Q1 2025. Expectation is this role is part-time and that the RA team will coordinate the logistics of the activities, including reaching out to meeting participants and making use of existing contacts with local authorities.
Candidates will have knowledge and experience in agronomy, especially specializing in coffee, tea and pepper in the Highlands and north areas of Vietnam. Good experiences and skills in farm survey, farmer interview, expert in GIS is preferred. They must be fluent in Vietnamese (optional knowledge of other languages spoken in Vietnam) and have good English speaking skills as all reports will have to be produced in both English and Vietnamese. They must be available to travel to the Highlands with the Rainforest Alliance Vietnam team.
PROPOSAL PROCESS AND FORMAT:
Prospective candidates should send the following documents:
- Short technical proposal,
- List of previous engagements that address the above experience desired,
- Current CV of the technical team
- Financial proposal: completed proposal to cover consultant fees and other expenses (if any).
Any clarifications can be obtained from Mr. Thiet Nguyen (Tnguyen@ra.org), and Mr. Quyen Nguyen (email@example.com).
Due to large amounts of application, it is noted that ONLY SUCCESSFUL APPLICATIONS will be contacted.
DEADLINES: January, 20th 2023